SOIL EROSION OVER 1/3 SURFACE AREA OF CHINA

Posted on January 31st, 2009 in Outside Hong Kong by Kate Wade

From Vicky:
Here is a piece of article on yahoo news about the serious speed of soil erosion in China, which explains well why we need to put efforts in promoting effective plantation.

The article is in Chinese :
http://hk.news.yahoo.com/article/090129/4/afkt.html
but I’ve translated into English (pls see attachment).水土流失面積逾1/3國土

SOIL EROSION OVER 1/3 SURFACE AREA OF CHINA
(明報) 1月30日 星期五 Ming Pao Daily News 30/1/2009 Fri

【明報專訊】內地目前有646個縣水土流失嚴重,28名中國科學院和中國工程院的院士、1000名科研人員經近3年考察,日前發布報告指出,內地水土流失面積高達356.92萬平方公里,超過國土面積的三分之一,其中需立即治理的面積近200萬平方公里,而水土流失嚴重的區域大多位於長江、黃河流域。
China has currently 646 counties with serious soil erosion. After nearly 3 years of research by 28 academicians from the China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, and 1,000 scientific study professiomals, China has recently released a report indicating that the mainland area of soil erosion is up to 3.5692 million sq. km., that is more than one-third of the country’s national surface area, among which nearly 2,000,000 sq. km. needs immediate treatment, where such serious soil erosion regions mostly lie along the Yangtze River and the Yellow River.

內地646縣情况嚴重 Serious Condition in 646 counties of China
新華社報道,水利部、中國科學院和中國工程院於2005年7月聯合開展「中國水土流失與生態安全綜合科學考察」,經過近3年考察,科研人員日前發布報告指,當前水土流失導致土地退化,毁壞耕地;導致江河湖庫淤積,加劇洪澇災害;惡化生存環境,加劇貧困;削弱生態系統的調節功能,對生態安全和飲水安全構成嚴重威脅。
The Xinhua News Agency has reported that the Ministry of Water Resources, the China Academy of Sciences and China Academy of Engineering, had carried out jointly in Jul 2005, a research project ” Comprehensive Scientific Investigation on China’s Soil Erosion and Ecological Security”. After nearly 3-year study, researchers had released a report just a few days ago, showing the current soil erosion leading to land degradation and the destruction of arable land; also leading to siltation of rivers, lakes and reservoirs, with increased flooding; the deterioration of the living environment will exacerbate poverty; weaken the regulatory function of the ecosystem and ecological security, and even pose a serious threat to the safety of drinking water.

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